Abundant healthy soils can be built and maintained through careful stewardship. The tabs below ouline the challenges with keeping your soil and possible solutions.
Contact a drainage contractor to consider drainage conditions and runoff structures.
Consider controlled drainage to keep water during the summer.
Review AgMaps for erosion assessment and soil loss assessment.
Ensure sloping ground >2% has surface cover or crop residue to reduce surface water flow and protect against soil loss.
Consider planting a cover crop as there is a high risk of soil loss when soil is exposed from fall harvest to spring planting.
Use conventional tillage strategically. Consider reduced tillage with a cover crop for longer periods of surface exposure.
Consider a cover crop mix with annual and perennial species seeded at a light rate.
Reduce tillage to a minimum or consider strip tillage, biostrips or no-till.
Leave crop residue on the field surface to improve soil health and worm activity.
Plant a cover crop containing a perennial mix with a few annuals to generate lots of fibrous roots. Review the cover crop selection tool.
Increase complexity of crop rotation.
Combine several BMPs such as reduced tillage, leaving more surface residue, using cover crops, having longer and more complex rotations and reducing compaction events to increase soil microbial activity leading to better soil health and nutrient cycling.
Use the right implement for deep compaction. Ensure to manage tire size and pressure.
Use plow strategically as part of weed and pest control cycle. Occasionally invert surface organic matter into the root zone.
Test soil for compaction depth and aggregate stability at least once in the rotation.
Plant a cover crop in the fall as exposed soil is highly susceptible to wind erosion. Consider green planting on a perennial cover crop for very light soils.
Prepare the seed bed with strip tilling equipment and plant into surface residue or into a cover crop. Incorporate nutrients while planting. Biostrips, relay planting, interseeding and double cropping are beneficial strategies.
Evaluate primary and secondary tillage equipment to minimize disturbance.
Contact your CCA advisor specializing in soil health and scouting.
Consider regenerative agriculture practices including interplanting, relay cropping and green planting.
Combine several BMPs such as cover crops, crop rotation and careful residue management to improve soil carbon over time. Consider adding biosolids or compost along with the appropriate BMP choices to accelerate soil carbon content. Increasing soil carbon will also improve the water retention capacity and reduce surface runoff potential.
Click here to see if you are eligible for the Farmland Health Check-Up program.
Plant a cover crop mix containing winter cereals to limit off-season nitrate leaching and protect groundwater sources. In time, observe a boost in yields for successive crops.
Manage tires with respect to size and pressure. Consider maximum weight per axle and adjust loads accordingly. Review equipment carrying heavy loads to ensure good weight distribution.
Establish a field plan to control traffic that includes the use of equipment for fertilizer application, seeding, spraying and harvesting in multiple ratios of 3:1 to enable the re-use of the same traffic tracks.
Consider using a drag hose system when applying liquid manure especially in early stages of crop growth. Drive on the same tracks used for tillage and seeding when broadcasting fertilizer.
Contact a drainage expert to deal with persistent damp soils.
Contact your CCA advisor specializing in soil health.
Resilient Fields is a tool designed to help Ontario farmers work through field specific challenges using sustainable solutions. Farmers can use this tool on their own or with their crop advisor. Check out the Resilient Fields video to learn more. If you have specific questions about this tool please see the Frequently Asked Questions or contact email@example.com.
Resilient Fields was built for Ontario farmers to complement already existing tools and programs. Where appropriate we have created direct links and provided you with references to explore different programs in detail, such as Cover Crop Decision Tool, AgMaps, Manage Resistance Now, and others.
We recommend that you enter your farm information to help articulate your field challenges and to make a record that can be shared with your crop advisor. If you don't have time to enter your field information, you can go directly to the BMP Conflicts or the Solution pages.
Your specific farm information is used to identify problems. The possible solutions are standard for all farms in Ontario. Thinking about and entering your information helps you and any advisors you work with articulate your problem areas. Your situation will guide you to the solution(s) that best fits your field challenge. The program does not predict possible problems but helps you deal with problems based on your knowledge. Be sure to review the BMP conflicts associated with your field challenge to help determine the best course of action for your farm.
The Resilient Fields tool was developed by a team led by Agri-Food Economic Systems with support from the Christian Farmers Federation of Ontario and the Ontario Federation of Agriculture. The field solutions are based on expert advice from agronomists across Ontario backed by an extensive literature review of over 100 peer-reviewed scientific articles. Certified Crop Advisors are testing these solutions with Ontario farmers as part of the project. Input has also been received from the Grain Farmers of Ontario. Feedback from the beta test will be incorporated to the final product being launched in 2022.
Your specific field situation may be unique and require one-on-one expert advice. We encourage you to contact a certified crop advisor to discuss your situation.
Select the soil type of the problem area of your field. If you have more than one issue in the field, you may need to look for multiple solutions for the different areas.
Select the slope choice of the problem area of your field. If you have more than one issue in the field, you may need to look for multiple solutions for the different areas.
I have a field problem that has not been considered. Can you help?
Please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. We hope to further expand the program in time.
On the final page of the site, you will have the option of printing or downloading the file. The printout will include the farm and field information you entered as well as the problem areas and solutions you selected with the corresponding references.
The only person who has access to your information is you and whomever you choose to share it with. Resilient Fields does not save your information and therefore cannot access it or share it.
This project is funded in part through the Canadian Agriculture Partnership (the Partnership), a federal-provincial-territorial initiative. The Christian Farmers Federation of Ontario and the Ontario Federation of Agriculture also contributed funds and leadership towards the development of the tool.
Looking for more information? Email us at email@example.com.
Resilient Fields requests basic farm information (field location, soil type, crop rotation, etc.) to provide targeted cropping recommendations developed through an extensive scientific review of pertinent agronomic literature. The information collected is to help the user and any advisors they work with, identify possible field solutions. The farm information collected via the website will NOT be saved and will NOT be used for the commercial or business purposes of the CFFO or any other Resilient Fields partner. Farmers will have the opportunity to print their field information and field solutions or to download it for their own use. Once the session is over, the data is no longer available.
Resilient Fields employs Google Analytics to track website use statistics. This information assists the CFFO in the continual improvement of the Resilient Fields website.
Some users may wish to share their field information with their partners, crop advisors or neighbours. Any information that a user chooses to share through email, on chat forums, bulletin boards or other communication platforms is considered public information. Resilient Fields has no obligation to keep private personally identifiable information disclosed by users themselves. Users should exercise caution when deciding to disclose personal information in public forums.
The Resilient Fields website is only accessible to Canadian based producers. Only Canadian IP servers can access this website.
Resilient Fields is designed to provide possible field solutions specifically for Ontario farmers. The solutions may not accurately represent field conditions in other provinces in Canada or other countries. The site can only be accessed by IP addresses located in Canada.
Resilient Fields requires basic field information (e.g. farm name, location, soil type, etc.) to help identify field challenges and possible solutions. Your farm and field information is NOT saved and CANNOT be used for the commercial or business purposes of the Christian Farmers Federation of Ontario or any other Resilient Fields partner. Farmers will have the opportunity to print their field information and field solutions or to download it for their own use.
The Resilient Fields site is hosted on a Canadian server and is SSL protected.
Use of Resilient Fields is at your own risk. The service performed or provided through Resilient Fields is “as is” and “as available”, with all faults and without warranty of any kind.
Resilient Fields provides information to help farmers make decisions on sustainable field crop practices. The solutions identified through Resilient Fields are backed by peer reviewed science and are tested by Ontario farmers; however, farm owners ultimately make the decisions and take responsibility for the field crop practices on their farm.
In no event shall Resilient Fields be liable for personal injury, or any incidental, special, indirect or consequential damages whatsoever, including, without limitation, damages for loss of profits, loss of data, business interruption or any other commercial damages or losses, arising out of or related to the use of or inability to use the Resilient Fields site. If you have questions about the information found on the Resilient Fields site, speak with your certified crop advisor.
Resilient Fields provides links to other sites for reference material as a convenience to you. Effort has been taken to ensure the external links provide relevant information for Ontario field crop producers. Resilient Fields is not responsible for the content, accuracy, completeness, timeliness, validity, decency or quality of third-party materials or websites.